Muhammad Ery Wijaya, Ph.D.


Muhammad Ery Wijaya is a Senior Analyst in Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Indonesia Office where he manages rigorous qualitative and quantitative analysis and evaluation of Indonesian climate, energy, and land sector policies with a particular focus on finance. He is now also an Assistant Professor at the School of Government and Public Policy-Indonesia (SGPP), the first implementation-based public policy school in Indonesia. Prior to joining CPI, Ery worked for eight years on the integration of the Indonesian energy and environment sectors, serving as an academician and a consultant. He worked at World Resources Institute (WRI) as a Climate Policy Consultant gathering intelligence, and identifying analytical and influence opportunities in Indonesia, specifically to address needs related to the formulation of Indonesia’s post-2020 greenhouse gas mitigation pledges and targets to feed into the UNFCCC negotiations. He also worked for United Nations Industrial Organization (UNSECO) as

  • Professional Activities

    Senior Analyst in Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Indonesia Office

  • Areas of Expertise

    Energy Science (Energy Economics)

Current Publications

Rakhmadi, R. Haesra, A. & Wijaya, M.E. (2018). Energizing renewables in Indonesia: Optimizing public finance levers to drive private investment, Climate Policy Initiative.



Indrawana, N.,Thapaa, S., Wijaya, M.E., Ridwan, M., & Park, DH. (2018). The Biogas Development in the Indonesian Power Generation Sector, Environmental Development, Vol. 25, pp. 85-99.


Wijaya, M.E. (2017).  Energy Efficiency Project Financing Guideline for Financial and Industrial Sector in Indonesia, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM).

Indrawana, N., Thapaa, S., Rahman, S.F., Park, J.H., Parkc, S.H., Wijaya, M.E., Gobikrishnane, S., Purwanto, W.W. & Park, DH., (2017). Palm Biodiesel Prospect in the Indonesian Power Sector, Environmental Technology and Innovation, Vol. 7, pp. 110-127.


Wijaya, M.E. (2015).  Guideline for Energy Efficiency Project Financing in Industrial Sector for Financial Institution, Financial Services Authority (OJK).


Wijaya, M.E.& Suhono, A. (2014). Training Module for Energy Planning and Emission Reduction in Transportation Sector, GIZ Transport and Climate Change (TCC) ASEAN, and Ministry of Transportation, Indonesia, 2014. (in Bahasa Indonesia, the original title is Modul Pelatihan Perencanaan Energi dan Pengurangan Emisi Sektor Transportasi).



Wijaya, M.E. (2014). Guideline for Developing Business as Usual Baseline Emissions from Energy Sector, Sekretariat Rencana Aksi Nasional penurunan emisi Gas Rumah Kaca (RAN-GRK), GIZ, dan Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/ Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional.  (in Bahasa Indonesia, the original title is Pedoman Pembuatan Business as Usual (BAU) Baseline Emisi untuk Sektor Energi)



Wijaya, M.E. & Tezuka, T. (2013). Measures to promote energy conservation in Indonesian households with different cultural backgrounds: An analysis on electricity price perspective, in Yao, T. (2013) Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2012, Springer.



Wijaya, M.E. & Tezuka, T. (2013). A Comparative study of households’ electricity consumption characteristics in Indonesia: A techno-socioeconomic analysis, Energy for Sustainable Development, 17, pp. 586-604.


Wijaya,  M.E. & Tezuka,  T. (2013).  Measures  for  improving  the  adoption  of  higher  efficiency appliances in Indonesian households: an analysis of lifetime use and decision-making in the purchase of electrical appliances, Applied Energy, 112, pp. 981-987.